Nootropics are drugs that increase the brain’s resistance to the effects of negative environmental factors, positively affect brain function, accelerate thinking. It is not yet clear how nootropic drugs act, in which case they can be recommended to people to improve memory. Nootropics do not make a person smarter, so don’t try it on your next exams. Your efforts will not be useless.

Nootropic groups

All nootropic drugs can be categorized conditionally:

  • Harmless but not (an amino acid, essential for memory, is produced in the body independently, with a sufficient amount dependent on self-suggestion).
  • Effective but dangerous. What is the danger of this nootropic group? Many of them are assimilated to drugs, so you will need a prescription to buy them, there is a substantial impact on the central nervous system activity.
  • Relatively safe (improving blood supply to the brain, eliminating irritability, improving concentration).

Piracetam – the precursor of all nootropics – was synthesized in 1972. Initially, nootropics were used to treat Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s, depression, senile dementia, disruptions of concentration. This drug has been successfully used to improve brain activity. It does not cause addiction, over-excitement. You can read more at BestNootropicsNow.

The best nootropic drugs

Piracetam (Nootropilum, Lucetam) is designed to stimulate the recovery processes, accelerate delivery of blood to the affected part of the brain. The primary indications are central nervous system diseases, cardiovascular system pathologies, various disorders of metabolic processes in the brain. Consolidate the memory of older people.

Phenotropil – The drug is designed to increase attention, improve memory, to facilitate the patient’s educational process. The indication for the use of this medication is a neurosis, stressful conditions, body exhaustion, intellectual impairment, headaches. This drug is also recommended to be used to relieve anxiety, to improve mood.

Nootropics for children

Glycine is the best nootropic remedy, with indications of use in:

  • stressful situations (during exams, conflicts);
  • decreasing productivity of mental work;
  • making functional the organic nervous system;
  • aggressive behavior in children and adolescents.

The list of drug application is quite broad: various diseases of the nervous system, poor health, insomnia, craniocerebral trauma, ischemic stroke. They stimulate the mental work of a person, reduces emotional tension. Check this out.

Generally, these drugs are considered safe medicines, but side effects have been observed.

Mentally, manifested with an overdose. Characteristics: increased irritability, anxiety, internal tension, heightened sexuality, sleep disturbances. When using drugs, the hyperstimulation phenomenon was observed in 5% of patients. Paradoxes are possible – weakness, drowsiness. Patients with schizophrenia, who take nootropics, suffer from delusional disorders..

Neurological – In case of overdose, they cause dizziness, tremor, increased tendon reflexes.

Somatic and allergic reactions: a rash on the skin, mucous membrane, itching, allergic hepatitis; other disorders: low appetite, headache, increase in blood pressure, chills, etc. In these events, the drug should not be used anymore.

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Sodium isobutyrate

Toxicants use it to get a state of euphoria because it can replace tranquilizers. The dose used by the addicts exceeds the treatment. These cause a withdrawal syndrome on the first day after the end of the procedure. There are side effects such as weakness, persistent insomnia, anxiety, irritability, depression. The treatment consists of a gradual withdrawal of the drug. It’s important to know that this drug, unlike other nootropics, is addictive and leads to physical and mental dependence.

However, the most dangerous is Ritalin. This nootropic drug affects the heart, which is why it can be hazardous. Zaharose is the simplest of complex carbohydrates. Upon swallowing, it decomposes rapidly into glucose. For the brain, it is pure energy, which increases the working capacity of the human body.

The positive effects of nootropics are:

  • improves the memory and speed of thought processes;
  • activates the means of assimilation and preservation of new information, the ability to learn;
  • normalizes the activity of brain cells by eliminating hypoxia and improving blood intake;
  • restores the ability to resist stress factors;
  • increases concentration of attention, activates brain function; is stimulated by metabolic processes in the cerebral cortex;
  • restores the activity of the nervous system, damaged by lesions and insufficient supply of oxygen tissues;
  • increases the working capacity, the symptoms of asthenia, the feeling of vivacity and the clarity of the consciousness return disappear;
  • has manifested a psychostimulatory factor that allows the fight with apathy and inhibition;
  • increase intellectual abilities;
  • improves the resistance of the body to the influence of adverse factors, thus reducing the risk of stroke and other vascular disorders.

In this case, nootropic drugs do not cause drug addiction, hurting superior nerve activity, they do not cause psychomotor agitation and physical exhaustion of the body.

The newest nootropic drugs have a positive effect on physical activity and resistance, which makes it possible to use them without affecting the health. Medicines from the nootropic group are prescribed to representatives of different age groups. Nootropic medications for the elderly are used to correct age-related disorders of the intellect. In students and school students, they help assimilate information and support brain functions under intense mental stress during the training and examination period. For children, nootropics are used when it comes to late development.

When are nootropic prescribed?

Preparations that improve the feeding and blood circulation of the brain are used under the following conditions:

  • Chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency;
  • Consequences of a stroke (impaired brain circulation);
  • Senile or vascular dementia;
  • Craniocerebral trauma;
  • Neurotic and neurological disorders;
  • Manifestations of vegetative dystonia, depressive states;
  • Psycho-organic syndrome, accompanied by memory impairment, decreased concentration and mental performance;
  • Drug addiction, chronic alcoholism and concomitant conditions (interruption syndrome, delirium, encephalopathy);
  • Sleep disturbances, frequent headaches, dizziness;
  • Chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency; See this URL.
  • Organic disorders of cerebral function in the elderly;
  • Anemia with sickle cell disease;
  • Urinary disorders caused by neurogenic causes;
  • Psychopathology (schizophrenia, oligophrenia).

The list of indications for the use of nootropic drugs is quite extensive and allows their use in various fields of medicine.